Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. Thyroid gland is a butter-fly shaped endocrine gland found in the front of the neck below the larynx and has two lobes, one on each side of the windpipe. Thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The hypothalamus signals of pituitary gland to make a hormone called thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Finally thyroid gland regulates its production of hormones based on the amount of TSH it receives. The thyroid gland has an enormous impact on your health. Every aspect of the body metabolism is regulated by thyroid hormones.
Hypothyroidism most often affects middle-aged and older women, anyone can develop the condition, including infants. It is common in women than men particularly over the age of 50, and the chances of a woman developing hypothyroidism are increased during pregnancy and around the time of menopause. Hypothyroidism also known as “Underactive thyroid”.